Infertility Specialist

Urological Associates

Urology located in Colorado Springs, CO

Infertility can be heartbreaking and frustrating, but in many cases, there are treatments that can help you and your partner have a healthy baby. The specialists at Urological Associates in Colorado Springs, Colorado, have considerable expertise in helping couples conceive using advanced therapies like testicular sperm extraction (TESE). If you want to start a family, but you’re not having any luck after a year of trying, call Urological Associates today or book an appointment using the online form.

Infertility Q & A

What is infertility?

Infertility means being unable to conceive within a year of starting to try. Most people who want to have a baby become pregnant well within a year, so if you or your partner hasn’t become pregnant in that time, there could be an underlying medical cause.

Both men and women can have fertility problems, so both partners need to undergo fertility testing.

What causes male infertility?

Medical conditions that could result in male infertility include:

  • Varicoceles
  • Epididymitis
  • Orchitis
  • STDs (sexually transmitted diseases)
  • Retrograde ejaculation 
  • Tumors
  • Undescended testicles
  • Hormone imbalances
  • Male hypogonadism
  • Chromosome defects
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Celiac disease

Having a low sperm count, where you produce fewer than 15 million sperm in each milliliter of semen, can reduce the chances of conception. Poor quality sperm or sperm that move slowly (low motility) find it harder to make the journey up to the egg.

Urological Associates can find out if these problems are causing your infertility by examining a sample of your semen.

What causes female infertility?

Ovulation disorders are a significant cause of female infertility. They cause you to release fewer eggs from your ovaries or sometimes stop you from producing any eggs at all. Conditions that can cause ovulation disorders include:

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Hypothalamic dysfunction
  • Premature ovarian failure
  • Excess prolactin

Other possible causes of female infertility include:

  • Tubal infertility (fallopian tube damage)
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Previous pelvic surgery
  • History of ectopic pregnancy
  • Pelvic tuberculosis
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Cervical stenosis

Like male infertility, female infertility can have many causes. In some cases, it’s impossible to identify a cause, but you could still benefit from treatment at Urological Associates.

How is infertility treated?

The first stage in treating your infertility is to make sure you’re maximizing your chances of conception. It could simply be that your lifestyle is reducing your fertility, in which case making some changes like stopping smoking and drinking, getting more exercise, and eating a healthier diet can make all the difference.

You also need to be having sex regularly. For the best chances of conception, have more intercourse around the time of ovulation. You can chart the ovulation cycle using an app on your smartphone.

If there’s more to your infertility problem than these measures can address, Urological Associates can run some tests to check the health of your reproductive systems and treat you for any problems they find. 

You might need hormone treatment to correct any imbalance, for example, testosterone replacement therapy. Treatment for an underlying condition, like removing uterine fibroids, could also resolve infertility.

One potential treatment is testicular sperm extraction (TESE). This involves harvesting sperm from your testicles for insertion into your partner. MicroTESE is a refined process that enables your provider to collect sperm from anywhere in your testicles. It’s an effective treatment even if your sperm count is very low.

You might need to undergo a varicocelectomy to remove varicoceles, which are like varicose veins in your scrotum. 

Find out more about infertility treatment by calling Urological Associates today or book an appointment online.