A urinary tract infection (UTI) can make day-to-day functioning a struggle. If you experience symptoms of a UTI, it’s important to seek medical care as soon as possible. Left untreated, a UTI can cause permanent damage to your kidneys and lead to sepsis, a potentially life-threatening condition. 

Urological Associates has expert urologists that provide compassionate, individualized patient care using cutting-edge diagnostics. To speak with a urologist about your UTI, call the office or request an appointment today.

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FAQs on UTI

What is a UTI?

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in the urinary system, which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Most UTIs involve the lower urinary tract.

What are the risk factors for UTIs?

  • Female anatomy
  • Sexual activity
  • Menopause
  • Certain types of birth control
  • Urinary tract abnormalities/blockages (e.g. kidney stones)
  • Being immunocompromised
  • Catheter use
  • Urinary surgery
  • Incomplete bladder emptying

What are the symptoms of a UTI?

Urinary tracts infections do not always cause symptoms, and symptoms can vary depending on the severity and location of your infection. Common symptoms of a UTI include:

  • Strong-smelling urine
  • Cloudy urine
  • Pelvic pain
  • Urinating in small amounts
  • Frequent need to urinate
  • Painful urination
  • Blood in urine

If your infection is in your kidneys, you may experience symptoms such as:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • High fever

What is a chronic urinary tract infection?

For some people, UTIs can recur even after effective treatment. A chronic UTI refers to infections that occur twice or more within a six month period. If you suffer from chronic UTIs, Urological Associates can help you manage your symptoms and lower the frequency of your infections.

What causes UTIs?

Urinary tract infections occur when bacteria enter through the urethra and travel to the bladder. The most common UTIs predominantly affect women, and can result in:

  • An infection of the bladder, typically caused by E. coli.
  • An infection of the urethra following sexual intercourse, triggered when GI bacteria spreads from the anus to the urethra.

How are UTIs treated?

Before you begin treatment, your doctor will perform a urine analysis. In some cases, they may recommend a urine culture to identify the specific bacteria causing your infection and determine the most effective treatment.

UTI treatment depends on the type of infection you have. The treatments for UTIs include:

  • Antibiotics
  • Vaginal estrogen therapy (for postmenopausal women)

Can you prevent a UTI?

There is no guaranteed way to avoid contracting a UTI, however, there are a number of steps men and women can take to reduce their risk:

  • Drink plenty of water and cranberry juice
  • Wipe from front to back
  • Urinate soon after intercourse
  • Avoid feminine hygiene products, such as douches and deodorant sprays
  • Avoid diaphragms when possible/practical